Counseling with temperament therapy is one of the best investments you can make to transform your life and introduce positive change. Everything becomes clear when your temperament tendencies are revealed.
What is Temperament?
Everyone has a temperament. Temperament refers to a person’s natural disposition, the way in which one will consistently respond to other people, their environment and events. It is a set of in-built dispositions we are born with and is mostly unalterable. Your temperament never changes, but it is possible to go from weakness to strength in your temperament, or strength to weakness.
Temperament is not personality. Personality is the mask we wear through learned behaviors and environment. This mask hides the true temperament. If a person's temperament needs are not met, he or she will feel stress and experience conflict. In short, personality is acquired, but temperament is how we are wired through the genetic code of our parents and grandparents.
Keep reading to learn more or click here to watch Dr. Phyllis' video on temperament therapy.
Three Areas of Temperament
Three areas make up one’s temperament. An individual has varying needs in each of these areas. If these needs are not met positively, it can lead to dysfunctional behavior, conflict, stress, addictions, depression, eating and sleeping disorders.
The three areas of temperament are: Inclusion, Control, and Affection. The Inclusion area is three-fourths of your overall temperament and determines how many people you are willing to get involved with, as well as how you function and respond to your environment. It is the area mostly relating to the soul or the mind. The Control area is the area of the will; it tells you how you make decisions. It also determines your willingness to be independent or dependent and tells you how much you allow others to control you, or how much control you expect of others.
Affection is the area of deep relationships. This tells you how you express and want love, affection and approval from the significant people in your life. Now that we understand what temperament is, and the three areas that make up temperament, let’s move onto the five temperaments.
The Five Temperaments
The five temperament types are: Melancholy, Sanguine, Choleric, Phlegmatic and Supine. Read on and see if you can identify your most dominant temperament.
Tends to be an introvert in socialization.
Very task oriented, creative, and is a perfectionist.
Genius-prone and plagued with low self-esteem.
Tends to need alone quiet time every day, to think, dream, and regenerate.
Gives the world its beauty, great art and music, and literature.
Tends to think deeply and feel things intensely.
Motto: "You have the problem, not me."
Famous Melancholies are: Moses from the Bible, Michelangelo, Ernest Hemingway, Van Gogh, and Beethoven.
Tends to be very extroverted and will use either good or bad behavior to be the center of attention.
Always look for opportunities to socialize.
Very relationship oriented, although they tend to have many superficial friends.
Overly talkative and will tell a complete stranger their entire life story.
May easily give in to peer pressure.
May explode and five minutes later cannot remember why they exploded.
Motto: "My shoes are at the door, I'm ready to go."
Famous Sanguines are: Sammy Davis Jr., Robin Williams, Paula Deen
Motivated by public interaction and their environment.
Tends to be extroverted.
Always need to be in control of the situation in order to accomplish their goals.
Very visionary, and has the discipline to complete whatever they set out to do.
Good at motivating people.
Crusader for a cause.
Can become president and CEO of a company when operating in their temperament strengths. When operating in their temperament weaknesses, they can become abusive and cruel.
Motto: "Win at any cost."
Famous Cholerics include: The Apostle Paul and Adolf Hitler.
Known for their brilliance, when asked they usually have the answer to most problems.
A reluctant, but a great leader.
Makes a great counselor because they are the least egotistical of the five temperaments.
Tends to be extremely slow-paced, stubborn, going through life doing as little as possible because of their low energy reserve.
Very even-keeled and can handle themselves well in almost all situations.
Usually a well-rounded individual.
Can “roll with the punches". However, they do not like to throw punches because they abhor violence.
Has an excellent sense of comedic timing and is known for using a wry sense of humor to defend themselves, and keep others at bay.
Motto: "Peace at all costs."
Famous examples of a Phlegmatic are: Dr. Ben Carson., First Lady Melania Trump, and Ronald Reagan.
Known to have a “sweet spirit”
Has the unique ability to use both sides of the brain, allowing them to be introverted and extroverted.
Has the intelligence to be very social and very task-oriented at the same time.
A servant-minded, people-pleaser
They must have recognition for services rendered, or anger can overtake them.
Cannot make decisions independently and always asks for a second opinion from those around them.
Desires external public environmental interaction, but has difficulty initiating. They expect others to read their mind, which seldom happens, this leads to anger and misunderstanding.
Great implementers of policy and excellent team workers.
Known to display passive-aggressive behavior, say "yes" when they mean "no" and then feel used and angry about it later.
Must feel loved, appreciated, and approved when working side-by-side with a help-mate or they can become retaliatory.
Motto: "I don’t want to be the leader, I just want recognition for what I bring to the table." These people are often the faithful butlers in the movies.
Famous examples of Supines are: Princess Diana, Mother Theresa, Barack Obama, and most of the reality TV show Housewives (this is not an endorsement just an analysis).
What is Temperament Therapy?
Temperament Therapy, also known as Creation Therapy is scientifically based on the findings of the ancient Greek physician Hippocrates, also known as the “Father of Modern Medicine”, about 2,400 years ago. Hippocrates identified the temperaments as: Melancholy, Choleric, Sanguine and Phlegmatic.
In 1958, with the help of the Albert Einstein school of medicine. Dr. Will Schultz expanded upon this and developed a questionnaire called the FIRO-B (Fundamental Interpersonal Relations Orientation Behavior). Dr. Shultz developed this tool to mathematically measures temperament in the Inclusion, Control and Affection areas. In 1983, Drs. Richard and Phyllis Arno, founders of the National Christian Counselors Association, discovered a fifth temperament: the Supine, after working with the FIRO-B for years and conducting research and in-depth studies. With their findings, the Arnos expanded upon the FIRO-B test and created a computerized analysis test called the Temperament Analysis Profile, also known as the “TAP”. The Arnos renamed the TAP in November 2000 to the Arno Profile System or APS.
How does Temperament Therapy work?
A certified temperament therapist, knowledgeable in reading a temperament analysis graph that is specific to each individual, provides the TAP to the client. Back in the day, the TAP was paper based. Now it can be taken online. The TAP should only take about 7-10 minutes to complete. The test results are provided in a comprehensive profile document, which both the counselor and client can refer to. The beauty of the TAP is that it reveals the “hidden problems” that normally take most counselors seven or eight sessions to identify.
The TAP provides the counselor with highly accurate, in-depth information about a person’s strengths and weaknesses in the three temperament areas. The results of the TAP profile show how social or task oriented an individual is, strong willed or dependent, as well as how much affection and physical intimacy an individual needs. With this tool, temperament therapy is 91% more effective in resulting in a breakthrough for those seeking counseling. Secular counseling is only 9% effective in comparison.
What are the benefits of Temperament Therapy?
One of the main benefits of temperament therapy is that it allows the therapist to go behind the mask that everyone wears immediately to the real problem, saving the client time and shortening the number of counseling sessions that other forms of therapy are famous for. Learning about temperament will help you know yourself so that you can understand why you do what you do and why you respond to situations the way you do. It can also aid in better career decisions for yourself and your children, (starting at age seven, children can take the TAP/APS) and help to determine compatibility in relationships.